The performance of model predictive control (MPC) for energy management in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVS) is strongly dependent on the projected future driving profile. This paper proposes a novel velocity forecasting method based on artificial neural networks (ANN). The objective is to improve the fuel economy of a power-split HEV in a nonlinear MPC framework. In this study, no telemetry or on-board sensor information is required. A comparative study is conducted between the ANN-based method and two other velocity predictors: generalized exponentially varying and Markov-chain models. The sensitivity of the prediction precision and computational cost on tuning parameters in examined for each forecasting strategy. Validation results show that the ANN-based velocity predictor exhibits the best overall performance with respect to minimizing fuel consumption.

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