An electrical resistance welding method was applied under atmospheric conditions by using one of metal powder medium or media mixture which was sandwiched in the space between the two solid metal bars of specimen (i.e., solid specimen material), and was compressed longitudinally by oil pressure servo control electrodes (upper and bottom) and simultaneously current was conducted to generate Joule thermal heat. In the joining experiments, a solid aluminum specimen material was used as a basis material, and was joined to another solid aluminum specimen material or one of four other solid specimen materials with different melting points by using resistance-welding apparatus. Some fundamental data on the mechanical properties of the joint were obtained by material testing. In the experiments, the specimen used as solid specimen materials in this study were pure aluminum, copper, stainless steel, carbon steel and titanium bars of solid specimen, and the powder media were aluminum, nickel and silicon powder. Proper mixed ratios of total amount of the powder media were determined for reliable joining, and material testing was prepared for mechanical properties. The obtained data were examined with the intent of optimizing the method using metal powder media between a pair of specimen materials and were compared with that of the solid specimen material, in terms of tensile strength, Vickers hardness, bending U-shape flexure stiffness. On the tensile strength and Vickers hardness, they were found to be reliable, but on bending U-shape flexure stiffness, they were not definite enough.

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