This study measured the liquid fallback during simulated blowout conditions. The purpose of the study was to establish a basis for developing a procedure for controlling blowouts that relies on the accumulation of liquid kill fluid injected while the well continues to flow. The results from full-scale experiments performed with natural gas and water based drilling fluid in a vertical 2787-foot deep research well are presented. The results show that the critical velocity that prevents control fluid accumulation can be predicted by adapting Turner’s model of terminal velocity based on the liquid droplet theory to consider the flow conditions, velocity and properties of the continuous phase when determining the drag coefficient. Similarly, the amount of liquid that flows countercurrent into and accumulates in the well can be predicted based on the concept of zero net liquid flow (ZNLF) holdup.
- Petroleum Institute
Experimental Evaluation of Control Fluid Fallback During Off-Bottom Well Control
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Flores-Avila, FS, Smith, JR, Bourgoyne, AT, Jr., & Bourgoyne, DA. "Experimental Evaluation of Control Fluid Fallback During Off-Bottom Well Control." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Engineering Technology Conference on Energy. Engineering Technology Conference on Energy, Parts A and B. Houston, Texas, USA. February 4–5, 2002. pp. 297-304. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ETCE2002/DRILL-29030
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