Unsteady low-Reynolds-number flows are of importance in understanding the flight performance of natural flyers, as well as in the design of small unmanned air vehicles and micro air vehicles [1,2]. The imposed motion of flapping wings or the large excursions in effective angle of attack during gust encounters may induce the formation of dynamic-stall-like vortices [3–10] whose evolution and interaction with the aerodynamic surfaces impact both flight stability and performance.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.