This paper addresses the methodology used to design the layout of the tip cooling nozzles of a high pressure rotor blade turbine. The methodology used is through a complete CAE approach, by means of a parametric CFD model which is run several times for the exploration of several designs by an optimizer. Hence the design is carried out automatically by parallel computations, with the optimization algorithms taking the decisions rather than the design engineer. The engineer instead takes decision regarding the physical settings of the CFD model to employ, the number and the extension of the geometrical parameters of the blade tip holes and the optimization algorithms to be employed. From CFD validation the final design of the tip cooling geometry found by the optimizer has proved to be better than the base design, which used mean values of all input parameters, and than the design proposed by an experienced heat transfer AVIO engineer, who used standard best practice methods. Furthermore the large number of experiences gained by the simulations run by the optimizer allowed the designer to find laws, functions and correlation between input parameters and performance output, with a further and deeper insight on this specific design problem.
Optimisation Techniques Applied to the Design of Gas Turbine Blades Cooling Systems
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Bucchieri, G, Galbiati, M, Coutandin, D, & Zecchi, S. "Optimisation Techniques Applied to the Design of Gas Turbine Blades Cooling Systems." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 6: Turbomachinery, Parts A and B. Barcelona, Spain. May 8–11, 2006. pp. 1395-1405. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2006-90771
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