It is essentially important to use appropriate chemical kinetic models in the simulation process of gas turbine combustion. To integrate the detailed kinetics into complex combustion simulations has proven to be a computationally expensive task with tens to thousands of elementary reaction steps. It has been suggested that an appropriate simplified kinetics which are computationally efficient could be used instead. Therefore reduced kinetics are often used in CFD simulation of gas turbine combustion. At the same time, simplified kinetics for specific fuels and operation conditions need to be carefully selected to fulfill the accuracy requirements. The applicability of several simplified kinetics for premixed Gasified Biomass Gas (GBG) and air combustion are evaluated in this paper.
The current work is motivated by the growing demand of gasified biomass gas (GBG) fueled combustion. Even though simplified kinetic schemes developed for hydrocarbon combustions are published by various researchers, there is little research has been found in literature to evaluate the ability of the simplified chemical kinetics for the GBG combustion. The numerical Simulation tool “CANTERA” is used in the current study for the comparison of both detailed and simplified chemical kinetics. A simulated gas mixture of CO/H2/CH4/CO2/N2 is used for the current evaluation, since the fluctuation of GBG components may have an unpredictable influence on the simulation results. The laminar flame speed has an important influence with flame stability, extinction limits and turbulent flame speed, here it is chosen as an indicator for validation. The simulation results are compared with the experimental data from the previous study  which is done by our colleagues. Water vapour which has shown a dilution effect in the experimental study are also put into concern for further validation. As the results indicate, the reduced kinetics which are developed for hydrocarbon or hydrogen combustion need to be highly optimized before using them for GBG combustion. Further optimization of the reduced kinetics is done for GBG and moderate results are achieved using the optimized kinetics compared with the detailed combustion kinetics.