The effects of slot film cooling on deposition in a high pressure nozzle guide vane passage were investigated experimentally and computationally. Experiments were conducted in Ohio State’s Turbine Reaction Flow Rig, using a four-vane cascade, operating at temperatures up to 1353 K. Film cooling was achieved on one of the vanes using a span-wise slot, located at approximately 30% chord on the pressure surface. The coolant’s effect on vane surface temperature was characterized by taking infrared images at various cooling levels. Deposition was produced by injecting sub-bituminous ash particles with a median diameter of 6.48 μm upstream of the vane passage. Several deposition tests were conducted with varying coolant levels. Results exhibit a strong relationship between the coolant flow rate and the amount of ash that deposits on the cooled vane. Capture efficiency was reduced by 70% at the highest coolant flow rate (1.27% of the mass flow rate in the passage). Capture efficiency reduction was compared to that achieved using discrete hole film cooling in other studies. The slot scheme showed similar or larger reductions in capture efficiency at lower coolant mass flow rates. Deposit distribution patterns are affected by regions of cooler temperature, both downstream of the slot where film effects dominate, and slightly upstream of the slot which is cooled by conduction. A computational simulation was conducted to model both the flow and deposition. The solid vane was also discretized to allow for conjugate heat transfer calculations, which produced results that were qualitatively similar to IR measurements, but over predicted the effectiveness of the coolant. An Eulerian-Lagrangian particle tracking model was utilized to track the ash particles through the flow. A sticking model was implemented to determine whether particles stick upon impacting the vane surface, from which deposition rates and distributions are obtained. The computational model under predicted the baseline capture efficiency and the capture efficiency reduction factors for each cooling level, suggesting that the model is not sufficiently sensitive to the temperature changes between tests. Inclusion of surface temperature and local shear dependencies was suggested as an improvement to the sticking model.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
The Effects of Slot Film Cooling on Deposition on a Nozzle Guide Vane
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Prenter, R, Whitaker, SM, Ameri, A, & Bons, JP. "The Effects of Slot Film Cooling on Deposition on a Nozzle Guide Vane." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 3A: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration. Düsseldorf, Germany. June 16–20, 2014. V03AT03A017. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2014-27171
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