The design of both efficient and reliable turbomachinery blades demands a detailed knowledge of static and dynamic forces during operation.
This paper aims to contribute to the proper identification of dynamic excitation mechanisms acting on an axial turbine rotor, particularly with regard to deviations of the NGV’s nominal geometry due to the use of variable vanes or tolerances in manufacturing.
As variations of the NGV’s geometry disturb the perfectly periodic pattern of the downstream flow features, other spectral components than those correlated with the number of stator vanes are possible to appear. These frequency components may lead to low engine order excitation of fundamental blade modes at high engine speeds. Under these operating conditions the rotor is already highly loaded with centrifugal forces and additional dynamic excitation may cause unacceptable stresses.
Thus aerodynamic mistuning might be a limiting criterion for the design of a highly loaded turbine rotor.
Within this paper 2 dimensional CFD-models are used to investigate both, the determination of the wake of a geometric mistuned stator guide vane and the influence of the resulting excitation on the adjacent rotor stage due to aerodynamically mistuned flow. In order to generate a mistuned NGV geometry, variations of pitch and stagger angle are taken into account and a mesh morpher is used to produce computational domains of the mistuned geometry on the basis of a nominal mesh.
Additionally a simplified reconstruction process based on a set of CFD computations will be introduced, being able to reproduce the spectral components of the mistuned wake by specifying a certain geometric mistuning distribution.
The prediction of the resulting modal forces is carried out in time domain and approaches with lower fidelity are investigated with respect to their capability of reproducing the key features of an aerodynamically mistuned excitation mechanism.