In oil and gas applications, gas-liquid mixtures of a process fluid are commonplace and the phases of the mixtures are separated upstream of pump or compressor machinery. Considering compressors, the separation of phases is important because the liquid causes the compressor to operate significantly different than with dry to affect the range, performance, and durability of the machine. Even with separation equipment, liquid can be ingested in a compressor by liquid carryover from the separator or condensation of the process gas. Additionally, there is no single definition of what is considered a wet gas.

In this paper, the definition of wet gas from multiple applications is reviewed and a general definition for wet gas is formulated. The effects of wet gas on reciprocating, screw-type, and centrifugal compressors are reviewed to provide insight into how their operation is affected. The limited information for screw compressors is supplemented with multiphase effects in screw pumps.

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