Sand ingestion and deposition in gas turbine engine components can lead to several operational hazards. This paper discusses a physics based model for modeling the impact and deposition of sand particles. The collision model divides the impact process into three stages, the elastic stage, the elastic-plastic stage, and full plastic stage. The recovery stage is assumed to be fully elastic. The contact force, contact radius and work of contact force are conformed to the Hertzian theory, using “Young’s modulus similarity” rule to predict the recovery displacement. The adhesion loss in the recovery stage is considered using Dunn’s model, which describes the adhesion force as an idealized line force with the contact radius. The validation case of steel spherical particle impact on a glass surface with the maximum Stokes number of 10000, shows that the adhesion model with elastoplastic impact model describes the experimental result well. When the Stokes number is less than 12, the particle deposits on the surface. Sand properties are characterized by size and temperature dependencies. Model predictions for particle sizes ranging from 0.5 to 50 micron, impact velocities up to 80 m/s, and temperatures above 1300 K are given and discussed. It is shown that both size and temperature have an effect on the deposition characteristics.

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