A high bypass ratio turbofan engine capable of powering the Boeing 757 was considered for thrust and drag analysis. A quasi-2D engine model applying the fundamental thermodynamics conservation equations and practical constraints determined engine performance and provided cross-sectional areas in the low-pressure system. Coupled with suggestions on boat-tail angle and curvature from literature, a representative bypass duct and primary exhaust nozzle was created. 3D steady-RANS simulations using Fluent® 18 were performed on a 1/8th axisymmetric section of the geometry. A modified 3D fan zone model forcing radial equilibrium was used to model the fan and bypass stator. Takeoff speed and cruise operating conditions were modeled and simulated to identify changes in thrust composition and intake sensitivity. Comparison between net thrust predictions by the engine model and measured in CFD were within grid uncertainty and model sensitivity at cruise. Trends observed in a published database were satisfied and calculations coincided with GasTurb™ 8.0. Verification of thrust in this manner gave confidence to the aerodynamic performance prediction of this modest CFD. Obtaining a baseline bypass design would allow rapid testing of aftermarket components and integration techniques in a realistic flow-field without reliance on proprietary engine data.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Estimating the Drag Developed by a High Bypass Ratio Turbofan Engine
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Zawislak, MS, Cerantola, DJ, & Birk, AM. "Estimating the Drag Developed by a High Bypass Ratio Turbofan Engine." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine. Oslo, Norway. June 11–15, 2018. V001T01A005. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2018-75204
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