Liquid hydrogen is considered a technically feasible fuel for all gas turbine applications including propulsion systems [1]. However, the exceptional combustion properties of hydrogen will make fundamental changes to gas turbine combustion systems essential. Micromixing, with a novel cross-flow fuel-injection feature and a large plurality of injection holes offers miniaturised diffusive combustion without the risk of auto-ignition or flashback. A detailed analytical study has been performed to explore combustion behaviour of hydrogen in the micro-diffusion combustor concept. The aims are to investigate a broad range of analytical tools and sensitivities related to hydrogen micromix combustion numerical modelling. Comparative studies based on a number of RANS and LES simulations were carried out to down-select suitable numerical models for species transport, turbulence, chemistry and thermochemistry. Simulation results were found to be particularly sensitive to the species diffusion effects. The study was then extended to identify proper thermal boundary conditions capable of replicating experimental work. A thorough discussion of the findings is provided. The study has generated a novel micromix-injector geometry promising to yield ultra-low NOx emissions. This paper sheds light on the difficulties encountered in modelling the combustion of a gaseous fuel (hydrogen) in a novel micro-diffusion combustion chamber and suggests effective approaches to overcome them. It also identifies additional benefits related to hydrogen as a fuel.

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