Abstract

Influences of age-related deterioration on the increase in rotor tip gap width are discussed numerically. In the gas turbine examined in the present study, there are two kinds of geometries around the rotor blade tip. In the first stage, there is clearance between the blade tip and the casing without any seal structures. On the other hand, there is a shroud and seal fin on the rotor blade tip. The blade geometries were measured using a 3-D scanner in a working power plant, and the tip clearances were varied by changing the casing contour. Steady-state CFD simulations were carried out. Tip gap widths were varied by shifting the casing wall. For simplicity, the blade geometries were not changed. The influence of tip clearance was examined by changing the geometries in each stage separately. Boundary conditions were determined using the previously developed hybrid method of heat balance analysis and CFD simulation, which can simulate the operating conditions of a working gas turbine. The results showed that the turbine performance degradation could spread to the following stage. Observation of entropy fields revealed that the increase in the tip leakage flow affected the flow in the following nozzle, and the loss increased.

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