Wall temperature measurements with fiber coupled online phosphor thermometry were, for the first time, successfully performed in a full scale H-class Siemens gas turbine combustor. Online wall temperatures were obtained during high-pressure combustion tests up to 8 bar at the Siemens CEC test facility. Since optical access to the combustion chamber with fibers being able to provide high laser energies is extremely challenging, we developed a custom-built measurement system, consisting of a water-cooled fiber optic probe and a mobile measurement container. A suitable combination of chemical binder and thermographic phosphor was identified for temperatures up to 1800 K on combustor walls coated with a thermal barrier coating (TBC). To our knowledge these are the first measurements reported with fiber coupled online phosphor thermometry in a full scale high-pressure gas turbine combustor. Details of the setup and the measurement procedures will be presented. The measured signals were influenced by strong background emissions, probably from chemiluminescence. Strategies for correcting background-emissions and data evaluation procedures are discussed. The presented measurement technique enables detailed study of combustor wall temperatures and using this information an optimization of the gas turbine cooling design.