Abstract

An investigation of endwall loss development is conducted using the T106A low-pressure turbine cascade. (U)RANS simulations are complemented by measurements under engine relevant flow conditions (M2th = 0.59, Re2th = 2·105). The effects of unsteady inflow conditions and varying inlet endwall boundary layer are compared in terms of secondary flow attenuation downstream of the blade passage, analyzing steady, time-averaged, and time-resolved flow fields. While both measures show similar effects in the turbine exit plane, the upstream loss development throughout the blade passage is quite different. A variation of the endwall boundary layer alters the slope of the axial loss generation beginning around the midpoint of the blade passage. Periodically incoming wakes, however, cause a spatial redistribution of the loss generation with a premature loss increase due to wake interaction in the front part of the passage followed by an attenuation of the profile- and secondary loss generation in the aft section of the blade passage. Ultimately, this leads to a convergence of the downstream loss values in the steady and unsteady inflow cases.

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