Measurements of velocity, temperature and species concentration in a three dimensional jet-stabilized combustor are presented. The modular design of the combustor permits the use of either gaseous or liquid fuels. For the investigations presented here, fuel oil has been chosen which is atomized by an air-blast atomizer. Access to the reacting flow field for probes as well as for non intrusive optical measurement techniques is provided by several windows along the combustor axis.
Velocity measurements in the mixing zone and even in the primary zone of the combustor are performed by means of a two-component Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDA). Platinum rhodium/platinum thermocouples (PtRh/Pt) specially designed for reduced internal heat losses are used for the investigation of the temperature field. A cranked, water cooled probe is employed in order to detect local species concentrations.
The experimental results reveal detailed information about the characteristics of the reacting flow field. The interaction of fuel atomization and flame stabilization in the primary zone is illustrated by a direct comparison with experimental data of the gaseous fuel case investigated earlier [ 1 ]. The results gained here serve as an excellent database to verify numerical models for the description of liquid spray combustion.