Two different power plant configurations based on a Semi-Closed Gas Turbine (SCGT) are analyzed and compared in terms of First and Second Law analysis. SCGT plant configurations allow the application of CO2 separation techniques to gas-turbine based plants and several further potential advantages with respect to present, open-cycle solutions. The first configuration is a second-generation SCGT/CC (Combined Cycle) plant, which includes inter-cooling (IC) between the two compression stages, achieved using spray injection of water condensed in a separation process removing vapor from the flue gases. The second configuration (SCGT/RE) combines compressor inter-cooling with the suppression of the heat recovery steam generator and of the whole bottoming cycle; the heat at gas turbine exhaust is directly used for gas turbine regeneration.
The SCGT/CC-IC solution provides good efficiency (about 55%) and specific power output figures, on account of the spray inter-cooling; however, with this configuration the cycle is not able to self-sustain the CO2 removal reactions and amine regeneration process, and needs a substantial external heat input for this purpose.
The SCGT/RE solution is mainly attractive from the environmental point of view: in fact, it combines the performance of an advanced gas turbine regenerative cycle (efficiency of about 49%) with the possibility of a self-sustained CO2 removal process. Moreover, the cycle configuration is simplified because the HRSG and the whole bottoming cycle are suppressed, and a potential is left for cogeneration of heat and power.