The combined effect of using methanol as a fuel additive together with a prototype multifuel injector has been evaluated with regard to soot formation in a tubular laboratory burner with a turbulent swirl stabilized diffusion flame.
Kerosene, ERBS fuel and Blending Stock with approximately 14, 12.8 and 10.3 wt% of hydrogen respectively were characterized in terms of soot loading at the axial positions Z/D = 2.5 and 4.0 and normalized radius r/R = ±0.67. Mixtures of ERBS fuel and Blending Stock with 15 and 7.5 wt% of methanol were also characterized in the same way.
Measurements with the plain fuels showed a drastic reduction in soot formation, in the order of one hundred and fifty fold decrease, due to the new injector design. Further reductions by a factor of 2 and 1.5 were accomplished with the mixtures of 15 and 7.5 wt% of methanol respectively.