A production common rail type injector has been investigated via numerical simulation and experimentation. The functioning principle of the injector has been carefully analysed so as to obtain a mathematical model of the device. A zero-dimensional approach has been used for modelling the injector, thus considering the variables as function of time only. The analysis of the hydraulic part of the injector resulted in the definition of an equivalent hydraulic scheme, on which basis both the equations of continuity in chambers and flow through nozzles were written. The moving mechanical components of the injector, such as needle, pressure rod and control valve have been modelled using the mass-spring-damper scheme, thus obtaining the equation governing their motion. An electromagnetic model of the control valve solenoid has also been realized, in order to work out the attraction force on the anchor, generated by the electric current when flowing into its coil. The model obtained has been implemented using the Matlab® toolbox Simulink® and solved by means of the NDF (Numerical Differentiation Formulas) implicit scheme of the second order accuracy, suitable for problems with high level of stiffness. The experimental investigation on the common-rail injection system was performed on a test bench at some standard test conditions. Electric current flowing through the injector coil, oil pressure at the injector inlet, injection rate, needle lift and control valve lift were gauged and recorded during several injection phases. The mean reflux-flow rate and the mean quantity of fuel injected per stroke were also measured. Temperature and pressure of the feeding oil, as well as pressure in the rail were continuously controlled during the experimental test. The numerical and experimental results were compared. The model was then used to investigate the effect of control volume feeding and discharge holes and of their inlet fillet, as well as the effect of the control volume capacity, on the injector performance.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Numerical Analysis and Experimental Investigation of a Common Rail Type Diesel Injector
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Coppo, M, Dongiovanni, C, & Negri, C. "Numerical Analysis and Experimental Investigation of a Common Rail Type Diesel Injector." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. Design, Application, Performance and Emissions of Modern Internal Combustion Engine Systems and Components. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. September 8–11, 2002. pp. 271-280. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2002-507
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