This paper focuses on quantifying emission reductions associated with various on-engine technologies applied to Electro-Motive Diesel two-cycle diesel engines, which are very popular in marine and locomotive applications in North America. This paper investigates the benefits of using exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), separate circuit aftercooler, and retarded injection timing on a EMD 12-645E7 marine engine. The EGR system alone provided up to a 32.9% reduction in brake specific Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) emissions while demonstrating less than one percent increase in cycle brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC). The brake specific particulate matter emissions increased somewhat, but at a modest rate based on the amount of NOx emission reduction. When the enhanced aftercooler system was combined with the addition of EGR, there was a 31.9% reduction in NOx and essentially no change to the BSFC when compared to the baseline test. The minimum manifold air temperature (MAT) was limited due to the size of the standard EMD aftercooler heat exchanger that is fitted on the engine. No efforts to modify the turbocharger to improve the turbo match to take advantage of the lower manifold air temperatures and the corresponding lower exhaust energy. Once 4° static injection timing retard was introduced, along with the EGR and the minimum MAT, a maximum NOx reduction of 49% was realized with only a 1.1% increase over the baseline BSFC.

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