The proposed Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) is a vertical pressure tube type boiling light water cooled and heavy water moderated reactor. One of the important passive design features of this reactor is that the heat removal is achieved through natural circulation of primary coolant at all power level with no primary coolant pumps. Decrease in coolant flow or control rod malfunction can lead to undesirable rise in clad surface temperature depending upon severity and characteristics and response of the reactor and associated systems. In this paper safety assessment of the AHWR is made due to above events of different severity. Cause for events under category of decrease in coolant flow is mainly channel blockage of different severity at different locations. There is no other reason as it is natural circulation based reactor. Effect of flow decrease can be different in different channels and at different axial locations. In this paper channel blockages of different sizes are analysed at core inlet and using slave channel approach. Changes in reactivities can occur due to inadvertent withdrawal of one or more control rods from reactor core. In this analysis one control rod assembly is assumed to be removed from core. The event is simulated by addition of 5 mk reactivity in 120 seconds depending on the speed of withdrawal of assembly. The analysis for the above events are complex due to various complex and wide range of phenomena involved during different PIEs under this category. It involves single and two phase natural circulation at different power levels, inventories and pressures, coupled neutronics and thermal hydraulics behaviour, and coupled controller and thermal hydraulics. In this paper summary of analysis for each event is presented. In this paper, various modeling complexities are brought out; evaluation of acceptance criteria is made and design implications of each event are discussed.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Analysis for the Case of Channel Flow and Reactivity Changes for Advanced Heavy Water Reactor
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Srivastava, A, Majumdar, P, Mukhopadhyay, D, Lele, HG, & Gupta, SK. "Analysis for the Case of Channel Flow and Reactivity Changes for Advanced Heavy Water Reactor." Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. 12th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, Volume 1. Arlington, Virginia, USA. April 25–29, 2004. pp. 315-320. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE12-49146
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