For the core disruptive accident (CDA) of sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR), the molten fuel or steel is solidified into debris particles which form debris bed in the lower plenum. When the boiling occurs inside debris bed, the flow of coolant and vapor makes debris relocated and flattened, which called debris relocation. The thickness of debris bed has great influence to the cooling ability of fuel debris in low plenum. To ensure the effective implementation of the in-vessel retention (IVR), it’s very necessary to evaluate the transient changes of shape and thickness in relocation behavior for CDA simulation analysis. To simulate relocation behavior, a debris relocation model based on COMMEN code was developed in this paper. The debris relocation model was established based on the extrapolation of the shear strength mechanism, which was originally proposed and widely applied in soil mechanics filed. Shear strength is a function of the particles’ density and position. Debris bed is fluidized only when the shear stress in particle unit is larger than shear strength of debris particles. By integrating the debris relocation model into the COMMEN code, the transition process of the bed in depressurization experiments was simulated and compared against the experimental results. Good agreement shows that the debris relocation model presented in this paper can reasonably simulate the relocation behavior.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Numerical Simulation of Debris Bed Relocation Behavior in Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor
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Teng, C, Zhang, B, & Shan, J. "Numerical Simulation of Debris Bed Relocation Behavior in Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor." Proceedings of the 2018 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 4: Nuclear Safety, Security, and Cyber Security; Computer Code Verification and Validation. London, England. July 22–26, 2018. V004T06A044. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE26-82493
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