The steam-water separator is vitally important equipment to remove the droplets entrained by the vapor stream to provide dry saturated steam for the steam turbine in the nuclear power station. With the development of the large nuclear power station and the vessel nuclear power plant, the steam-water separation performance should be more efficient under the condition of higher pressure, power load and circulating ratio. The droplet motion model, which is solved by typical four steps Runge-Kutta method and validated against the experimental results, is developed according to the physical phenomenon description and the mechanism comprehension of the vapor entrained droplets moving in the wave-type vanes separator. The Euler-Lagrange methodology is adopted to simulate the moving droplet entrained by the vapor stream in the wave-type vanes separator and the separation performance is investigated. The separation efficiency of the separator and motion trajectories of droplets with various sizes are presented. Stokes Number (St) of diverse droplets is obtained to analyze the influence of Stokes Number on the moving droplets trajectories and the separation efficiency. The results reveal that the values of Stokes Number for most of the moving droplets in the wave-type vanes separator are beyond 1, which indicates that most of droplets are likely to collide with the solid wall of the separator. Only when the droplet velocity is smaller than 1 m/s or the droplet radius is less than 2 μm, the Stokes Number may be below 1 and the moving droplets can be entrained by the stream flow until escaping from the separator. The analysis can forecast the maximum critical separation size of the droplets that cannot be removed, and the minimum critical separation size of the droplets that can be removed throughly by the separator and guide the design of the separator.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Stokes Number Analysis of the Moving Droplets in the Steam-Water Separator
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Zhao, F, Liu, Q, Zhao, C, Bo, H, Liu, Y, & Zhou, Y. "Stokes Number Analysis of the Moving Droplets in the Steam-Water Separator." Proceedings of the 2018 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 8: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD); Nuclear Education and Public Acceptance. London, England. July 22–26, 2018. V008T09A007. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE26-81299
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