In team-based concurrent product and process design (CPPD), one type of team activities proceeds alternately in a one-by-one fashion. This sequential mode of design flow can be treated as a generalized leader/follower team paradigm, in which the leader acts as a principal team and the follower as a subordinate team. In the dual-team approach, the leader and the follower correspond to two aspects of CPPD — product design and process design — whereby the alternate nature of design tasks can be characterized through the interactions of the leader and the follower. To reveal the variety of such team activities, the notion of responsibility and controllability in various design protocols is introduced to describe the respective roles of the leader and the follower in team design. The method of Design for Satisfaction (DfS) is used as a framework to characterize team’s preference toward a feasible design in view of the team’s goal. Accordingly, the satisfaction-driven dual-team based CPPD models are developed to account for different team scenarios. A design example is used to support the illustration of the team design approach suggested.

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