A methodology for the analysis of load distribution and contact stress on gear teeth, which utilizes a combination of closed form solutions and two-dimensional finite element methods, within a constraint-based knowledge-based environment, is presented. Once the design parameters are specified, the complete process of generating the analysis model, starting from the determination of the coordinates of the tooth profile, the creation of a sector of the mating gear teeth, automatic mesh generation, boundary conditions and loading, is totally automated and transparent to the designer. The effects of non-standard geometry, load sharing on the contact zone, friction and root stresses are easily included in the model. The Finite Element Method (FEM) based results compare favorably with those obtained from closed form solutions (AGMA equations and classical Hertzian contact solution).
The advantage of the approach rests in the ability to modify any of the gear design parameters such as diametral pitch, tooth profile modification etc., in an automated manner along with obtaining a better estimation of the risks of failure of the gear design on hand. The procedure may be easily extended to other types of gearing systems.