This paper provides a comprehensive analysis on cooling tower fouling data taken from seven 15.54 mm I.D. helically ribbed, copper tubes and a plain tube at Re = 16000. A new mathematical model has been developed. The mass transfer coefficient Km is calculated through three analogies, which are Prandtl analogy, Von-Karman analogy, and j factor analogy. Fouling deposition is assumed to be determined by two processes, which are corresponding to heat flux and fluid friction. Von-Karman analogy is proved the best analogy among the three. Series of semi-theoretical fouling correlations as a function of the product of area indexes and efficiency indexes were developed. They were applicable to different internally ribbed geometries. The correlations can be directly used to assess the fouling potential of enhanced tubes in actual cooling tower water situations.

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