Based on non-equilibrium thermodynamic theory and combined with the conservation laws, a comprehensive theoretical model was established to describe heat and mass transfer during convective drying process, and numerical calculation was performed. The results show that: (a) the external convective heat and mass transfer may be treated as the conductive heat transfer with internal heat source and the molecular mass diffusion with internal mass source, respectively, and the ability of heat and mass transfer mainly depends on the strength of the heat source and mass source; the higher the temperature of the drying media, the lower the strength of the internal heat source, but the higher that of the internal mass sources; (b) the evaporation of internal water takes place inside the whole material, and the molecular mass diffusion of the internal vapor is in the direction of decreasing mass transfer potential, not along the decreasing partial pressure of vapor.
Thermodynamic Theory of Convective Drying Process of Porous Media
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Li, Y, & Zeng, D. "Thermodynamic Theory of Convective Drying Process of Porous Media." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Advanced Energy Systems. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. November 17–22, 2002. pp. 55-63. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2002-39541
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