Thin film of YSZ electrolyte is highly desired to reduce the electrical resistance in SOFCs. YSZ thin Films have been successfully produced using liquid fuel combustion chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) technique. Nucleation of the YSZ particles were investigated based on two processing parameters, i.e., substrate temperature and total-metal-concentration in the liquid fuel. An optimum substrate temperature was found for highest the nucleation density. The nucleation density was increased with the total-metal-concentration. Microstructure evolution of the YSZ particles in the early stage in film growth was also studied. It was found that the particle growth rate was linear with processing time, and the particle orientation was varying with the time in the early stage of the film processing. To enhance the film growth rate, the effect of thermophoresis was studied. By increase the temperature gradient towards substrate, the effect of thermophoresis was enhanced and the film growth is also increased.

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