This paper introduces the results of transient heat transfer involving a jet of liquid ammonia perpendicularly on a solid substrate of finite thickness containing discrete electronic sources on the opposite surface. The jet was confined by using a cover plate to prevent any evaporation or loss of ammonia during the heat transfer process. The numerical simulation considered both the solid and fluid regions as a conjugate problem. The equations solved in the liquid region included the conservation of mass, conservation of energy, and conservation of momentum. For the solid region, only the heat conduction equation was solved. Computed results included the temperature distribution, local and average heat transfer coefficient, and local and average Nusselt number at the solid-fluid interface. Some of the parameters such as the jet velocity, plate thickness, and plate material were altered to examine the effect that they had on the problem. It was found that the average heat transfer coefficient and a average Nusselt number were high at the initial stages of the transient process and decreased steadily with time until it reached the steady condition. As the plate thickness decreased, and as the jet velocity increased, it was observed that the time it took to reach the steady state condition declined. The time it took to reach steady state condition did not change significantly for different plate materials. However, it did change noticeably for different plate thickness and different Reynolds number.
Transient Thermal Management Using a Confined Jet Impingement of Liquid Ammonia
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Mead, RM, & Rahman, MM. "Transient Thermal Management Using a Confined Jet Impingement of Liquid Ammonia." Proceedings of the ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Advanced Energy Systems. Washington, DC, USA. November 15–21, 2003. pp. 447-454. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2003-55001
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