Hearth wearing is the key limit of a blast furnace campaign life. Hot metal flow pattern and temperature distributions are the two key variables to determine the rate and style of the hearth wearing. And the shape, structure and position of the deadman are the three major variables to assign the fluid flow pattern and temperature profile in the hearth. In this paper, a comprehensive computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program which was developed specifically for the simulation of blast furnace hearth was extensively evaluated using actual industrial operation data. That program can predict the liquid flow patterns and temperature distributions of the hot metal as well as temperature profiles in the hearth refractory materials under different conditions. Sensitivity study has also been performed to investigate the effect of the production rate on refractory temperature distribution.

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