The short-circuiting metal transfer during gas metal arc welding (GMAW) is simulated by a numerical model. To the best of our knowledge, for the first time the energy equation and the Marangoni convection are considered in analyzing the short-circuiting time. A front-tracking free surface method is applied to explicitly track the bridge profile. To benchmark this method, effects of the density and viscosity ratios between different phases are investigated by simulating a drop driven by surface tension. The temporal profile of the drop is compared to that computed by a Volume of Fluid (VOF) model, and very good agreement is found. The model is then applied to simulate GMAW short-circuiting transfer. The velocity, pressure, temperature and electromagnetic fields are calculated. Effects of welding current and Marangoni shear stress on short-circuiting time are examined. It is shown that the Marangoni effect plays an important role in GMAW short-circuiting transfer.
- Manufacturing Engineering Division and Materials Handling Engineering Division
Modeling of Metal Transfer in Short Circuiting Arc Welding
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Xu, G, Schultz, WW, Kannatey-Asibu, E, Jr., Hu, SJ, & Wang, P. "Modeling of Metal Transfer in Short Circuiting Arc Welding." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Manufacturing Engineering and Materials Handling Engineering. Anaheim, California, USA. November 13–19, 2004. pp. 91-98. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2004-59147
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