Thermal management in the next decade of microelectronics and optoelectronics will require heat transfer fluids with improved performance over those currently available. The strategy of adding SOLID particles to fluids for improving thermal conductivity has been pursued for nearly a century. In this work, a novel concept of using LIQUID nanodroplets for enhancing thermal conductivity has been developed and was experimentally-demonstrated in water-in-FC72 suspensions, called "nanoemulsion-fluids". The thermal conductivity of FC72 is found to be increased by up to 52% for a nanoemulsion-fluid containing 12vol% water nanodroplets of radius 9.8nm. Such types of nanoemulsion-fluids possess long-term stability and can be mass produced because of no needs for SOLID nanoparticles. The development of nanoemulsion-fluids would open a new direction for thermal fluids studies.
A New Type of Nanoengineered Heat Transfer Fluids: Nanoemulsion Fluids
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Yang, B, & Han, Z. "A New Type of Nanoengineered Heat Transfer Fluids: Nanoemulsion Fluids." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Heat Transfer, Volume 3. Chicago, Illinois, USA. November 5–10, 2006. pp. 333-336. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2006-14031
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