Ford Motor Company human body FE model was validated against 3-point & 4-point belted PMHS tests in frontal impact and PMHS knee impact. The chest deflection, chest acceleration, and belt force in frontal impact simulations were compared with the PMHS test data, while the impact force, femur acceleration, pelvis acceleration, and sacrum acceleration of the knee impact simulations were compared with the respective corridors from PMHS tests. The model used represents a 50th percentile adult male. It was used to study the effects of shoulder belt force limit on 3-point and 4-point restrained occupants in frontal impacts without airbags. A 25 g pulse and a shoulder belt load limit of 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 kN were used for the 3-point and 4-point restraint systems with a rigid steering wheel, front header, and windshield of a stiffer larger vehicle structure. The results showed that the head acceleration and the chest deflection of the 4-point belt system are less than the respective cases of the 3-point system while the chest acceleration levels were about the same in 3-point and 4-point belt. The mid-shaft femur forces were always higher in the 4-point belt than those of the 3-point belt.
Further Validation of the Ford Human Body FE Model and Use of the Model to Investigate the Effects of Shoulder Belt Force Limiting of 3-Point and 4-Point Restraints in Frontal Impact
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El-Jawahri, RE, Ruan, JS, Rouhana, SW, Barbat, SD, & Prasad, P. "Further Validation of the Ford Human Body FE Model and Use of the Model to Investigate the Effects of Shoulder Belt Force Limiting of 3-Point and 4-Point Restraints in Frontal Impact." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 17: Transportation Systems. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. October 31–November 6, 2008. pp. 71-78. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2008-67192
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