In this study, in order to investigate the power consumption of feed drive system, a mathematical model to predict for the electric power consumption of feed drive systems is proposed by using the single-axis experimental apparatus. This can be driven by either of ball screw or linear motor and it is possible to change the mechanical properties of the machine such as grease viscosity of the table.

The power consumption is simulated by proposed simulation method based on the mathematical model of feed drive system and the simulated results are compared with the measured results of the experimental apparatus to confirm the validity of the simulated results.

In addition, it is clarified that the energy usages of the feed drive system. The energy losses of the feed drive system are divided into the loss of viscous friction, coulomb’s friction, servo amplifier, and motor. These energy losses are calculated by the proposed model. Then, it is investigated that the influence of the velocity and the friction to the power consumption of feed drive system experimentally.

As the results, it is confirmed that proposed simulation method can accurately predict the power consumption of the ball-screw feed drive system. It is also clarified that the friction energy loss of ball-screw drive is larger than one of linear motor drive, and the friction characteristics of linear guides influences the power consumption of linear motor drive system.

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