Fuel combustion performance was quantified through measurement of the gravimetric response of the fuel as well as the energetic behavior. A Simultaneous Thermogravimetric Analyzer (STA) was used to measure the gravimetric, sensible energy, and latent heat energy (including heat of pyrolysis) for fuels. The heat release rate and heat of combustion of the fuels as a function of temperature released due to the combustion of the pyrolysis gases was measured using a Micro-Combustion Calorimeter (MCC). Fuels were tested at a heating rate of 20°C/min from room temperature to 800°C in inert (nitrogen) environment. Fuels considered in this study included US eastern coal, biomass (cornstover and switchgrass), polystyrene, glycerol and mixtures of some of these fuels. Biomass feedstocks were also evaluated for the effect of water leaching on fuel performance. A lumped model energy balance on a fuel particle revealed that fuel volatility can be ranked based on the net energy required to produce the volatile gas times the ratio of the heat of combustion to the heat of decomposition. This is different compared with previous research results in that it includes the temperature dependence of the fuel production in the volatility.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.