Kuwait is considering diversifying its energy resources and not solely depending on oil and gas. According to the Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW), the annual increase in electricity demand is 6–8%, which is considered higher than neighboring countries (2–3%). Wind energy is one of the renewable energy resources considered by the Government to close the gap between the supply and the demand. In this work, we are exploring the feasibility of erecting a wind farm of installed capacity of 120 MW in a suitable location in Kuwait. Hourly wind data was collected from three promising locations. Abraq Al-Habari (AH), one of three areas studied, enjoys the highest average wind speed of 5.12 m/s resulting in wind power density (WPD) of 181 W/m2 at a mast height of 10 meters. Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program (WAsP) was used to estimate the energy production from the wind farm. The program takes into account the complexity of the terrain, the site roughness, and the obstacles and shelters effects. The results showed that the wind farm should be able to produce a net annual energy production (AEP) of 322 GWh and will cost about 260 million US$. This cost includes the installation capital cost as well as the operation expenses over the lifespan of the wind farm. The cost of energy production is estimated at 0.04 US$/kWh. The payback period considering an annual price escalation rate of 1% and a discount rate of 2.25% over the lifespan of the farm is predicted to be around ten years.
Feasibility Study of Erecting a Wind Farm in Kuwait
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Gharbia, Y, & Anany, M. "Feasibility Study of Erecting a Wind Farm in Kuwait." Proceedings of the ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 6B: Energy. Phoenix, Arizona, USA. November 11–17, 2016. V06BT08A041. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2016-65098
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