Abstract

This paper presents Fluid Structure Interaction modeling of candidate implant materials used in the femoral artery graft medical procedure. Two candidate implant materials, namely Teflon and Dacron are considered and modeled using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and structural Finite Element Analysis (FEA) to obtain Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) developed stresses within the candidate materials as a result of non-Newtonian blood flowing in a pulsatile unsteady fashion into the femoral artery implant tube. The pertinent findings for a pulsatile velocity maximum magnitude of 0.3 m/s and period of oscillation of 2.75 sec are as follows. For the biological tissue the wall shear stress is found to be 2.15 × 104 Pa, the hoop stress is found to be 1.6 × 104 Pa. For the Teflon implant material, the wall shear stress is found to be 1.177 × 104 Pa, the hoop stress is found to be 2.2 × 104 Pa. For the Dacron implant material the wall shear stress is found to by 3.9 × 104 Pa, the hoop stress is found to be 2.17 × 104 Pa. Based upon the analysis herein the PTFE material would be recommended.

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