Mechanical shock events experienced by electronics systems can be reproduced in the laboratory using Hopkinson bar tests. In these tests a projectile strikes a bar, creating a pulse which travels through the bar into the system. The quality of these tests depends on the closeness of the shape of the incident pulse to the shape specified for the test. This paper introduces a new way to control the shape of the incoming pulse, through the use of elastic metamaterial concepts. Two dispersion-modifying material concepts, phononic crystals, and local resonators, are examined for their wave shaping capabilities in 1D elastic waveguides. They are then evaluated using a transfer matrix method to determine the output wave shape in the time domain. The concepts are then optimized for various pulse shapes, showing that they are most effective when they are tuned to introduce dispersion near the fundamental frequency of the incident wave.