The IC10 superalloy material is one of the most important materials for aero-engine turbine blade due to its excellent performances. However, it is difficult to be machined because of its special properties such as terrible tool wear and low machined efficiency. The creep feed grinding is widely used in machining IC10 superalloy due to the advance in reducing tool wear, improving material removal rate and surface quality. The creep feed grinding is a promising machining process with the advantages of high material removal rate due to large cutting depth, long cutting arc and very slow workpiece, and its predominant features might have significant influence on the grinding force and surface quality for the workpiece. Hence, it is of great importance to study the grinding force and surface integrity in creep feed grinding IC10 superalloy.
In this paper, a series of orthogonal experiments have been carried out and the effects of grinding parameters on the grinding force and the surface roughness are analyzed. The topographies and defects of the machined surface were observed and analyzed using SEM. The results of the experiments show that the tangential force is decreased with the workpiece speed increasing. However, there is no significant change in tangential force with the increasing of grinding depth and wheel speed. The normal force is decreased with the workpiece speed increasing when the workpiece speed is less than 150 mm/min, but when the workpiece speed is more than 150 mm/min the normal force is increased tardily. Moreover, the normal force is increased sharply with the increase of grinding depth and is increased slowly with the increase of wheel speed. In general, the surface roughness is increased with workpiece speed and grinding depth increasing, while the trend of increase corresponding that of workpiece speed is more evident. The value of the surface roughness is decreased with wheel speed increasing. And it is found out that the main defect is burning of the IC10 superalloy material in creep feed grinding by energy spectrum analysis of some typical topography in this study.