The complex model of fastener for the global modeling of aircraft assembly with regard to compliance and contact interaction of parts is introduced in the paper. The presented complex fastener model incorporates such effects as the stiffness of fastening elements; the loosening of fasteners and also the failure of fasteners (if the load exceeds the maximal value that fastener can hold).
This model can be implemented for all types of fastening elements in variation simulation and assembly optimization analysis. It provides more realistic simulation results at expense of higher model dimension. The fastener is modeled as having an additional stretching stiffness. The option of fastener loosening is included by implementation of additional contact node in each fastening element. This option allows taking into account the pre-tension in fasteners and also enables the modeling of installation and removal of fasteners without change of stiffness matrix.