A numerical study was conducted to determine the effects of fuel spray characteristics on the gas turbine combustion performance including the combustion efficiency and the overall temperature distribution factor (OTDF) at the exit of the combustor using the KIVA-3V code. A model of a typical annular combustor was used in the computations. Operating conditions were varied with inlet pressure from 0.1 to 1.2 MPa, inlet temperature from 400 to 650 K, and air fuel ratio from 0.015 to 0.024. A log-normal spray distribution was assumed to simulate a real fuel spray distribution at injection. The droplet mean diameter as well as injection velocity and angle were independently varied to distinguish the separate effects of variables involved. Flow fields and temperature distributions in the combustor were analyzed. The results reasonably agreed with those from a semi-empirical approach. It is found that the overall temperature distribution deteriorates as the Sauter mean diameter of fuel spray increases. There is an optimum range of the Sauter mean diameters for the efficient combustion of fuel sprays. The overall temperature distribution is improved as the injection velocity of fuel sprays increases, but the combustion efficiency does not change much with it. It appears that the KIVA-3V code can be used to guide the design and improvement of the gas turbine combustor.

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