Electrodynamic (EDS) type suspension is appropriate for a high-speed maglev train as control is not essential to levitate a train. However, the trains might oscillate large in the vertical direction since there is no control for the EDS type maglev train. Linear Synchronous Motor (LSM) is used to propel trains as it can generate large propulsion force with high efficiency. LSM generate periodic, not uniform, Electromagnetic (EM) force and it cause vertical and lateral vibration. Therefore, EM forces acting on a maglev vehicle should be investigated to determine the vibration characteristics of a high-speed maglev train.
An excitation force on bogies is nonlinearly changed by air gap between ground coils and magnets on bogies. Therefore, relative position of guide and a bogie could be defined to contracting time variant excitation force. The study focuses on verifying vertical and lateral vibration due to LSM that makes repeating propulsion force to a maglev vehicle. We made a transient 3-D EM analysis model that could simulate levitation and guidance force of a maglev vehicle. The model was constructed based on straight rail of the conventional maglev system, L0 series in Japan. We compared the simulation results, levitation, and guidance forces on single ground coil, with another study results. Also, total EM forces on a bogie in simulation results was compared with real track experimental results of another study. We could evaluate ride comport and running stability using our transient EM force by coupling with rigid body simulation.