This paper presents a theoretical and experimental study done on an electro-diesel locomotive in order to evaluate the dynamic behavior of the vehicle in terms of safety, running performance and wheel-track interaction. The vibration analysis has been made by means of different experimental methodologies. The first one consists on the acquisition of accelerations at points located at the wheelset, the truck frame and the coach, using piezorresistive accelerometers. The registered signals allow to validate the locomotive in terms of safety against derailment and running behavior, according the UIC 518 leaflet. The second method is based on the modal analysis theory and includes the dynamic properties estimation under vibrational excitation. This procedure takes into account the determination of modal parameters such as natural frequencies, modal damping ratios and mode shapes, by means of a control hydraulic actuator. The third methodology consists on the operational modal analysis done with the experimental measurements acquired on track tests, in order to validate the results obtained by modal analysis and evaluate the dynamic behavior under different speed ranges and cant deficiencies. Several tests have been done by means of the described methods in an electro-diesel locomotive composed by a primary suspension with dampers and a secondary suspension with rigid stiffness. In addition, two types of dampers have been evaluated with the purpose of optimizing the damping properties of the vehicle’s primary suspension. Through these experimental methods, a useful tool for the prediction and analysis of the dynamic behavior is provided. Additionally, the results obtained by means of these methodologies permit examining the influence of different running conditions and vehicle properties on the modal parameters.

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