Over the past decade, several efforts have characterized manufacturing processes from a sustainability perspective. In addition, frameworks, methodologies, and standards development for characterizing and linking unit manufacturing process (UMP) models to construct manufacturing system models for supporting sustainability assessment have been pursued. In this paper these research efforts are first briefly reviewed, and then, ASTM standards derived from this work are described and built upon. The contribution of this research is to demonstrate how more formalization of these prior efforts will facilitate systematic reuse of developed models by encapsulating different aspects of complex processes into reusable building blocks. The research proposes a methodology to define template UMP information models, which can further be abstracted and customized to represent an application-specific, upgraded manufacturing process. The methodology developed is based on the ASTM standards of characterizing manufacturing process for sustainability characterization. The approach is demonstrated for analyzing manual and computer numerically controlled (CNC) machining processes.

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