Abstract

Owing to its high stiffness and strength, low density, and excellent flexibility, nano-sized graphene oxide (GO) is considered as a competitive material to reinforce metallic materials. Conventional manufacturing methods for GO reinforced metal matrix fabrication include casting and powder metallurgy, both of which demonstrate disadvantages of high reinforcement agglomeration, high cost, and difficulty in fabrication of complex structures. To reduce these problems, it is important to investigate a finely-controlled, cost-saving, and near-net-shaping process for GO reinforced metal matrix manufacturing. Laser additive manufacturing is such a process that mainly includes selective laser sintering / melting (SLS / M) and laser deposition-additive manufacturing (LD-AM). Compared with SLS / M, LD-AM demonstrates parts remanufacturing capability and is capable of fabricating functionally gradient materials. In this investigation, GO reinforced Inconel 718 (IN718) parts, for the first time, are fabricated using LD-AM processes. The effects of GO on flatness, surface roughness, microstructure, microhardness, and wear resistance of LD-AM fabricated GO reinforced IN718 parts are studied. Experimental results show that the introduction of GO is beneficial for enhancing both microhardness and wear resistance but harmful to surface quality of fabricated parts. In addition, the presence of GO has little influence on microstructures.

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