Accurate measurement of the composition of oil-water emulsions within the process environment is a challenging problem in the oil industry. Ultrasonic techniques are promising because they are non-invasive and can penetrate optically opaque mixtures. This paper presents a method of determining the volume fractions of two immiscible fluids in a homogenized two-phase flow by measuring the speed of sound through the composite fluid along with the instantaneous temperature. A linear chirp signal is transmitted through the fluid and de-chirp method is applied to calculate the sound speed in the medium. Two separate algorithms are developed by representing the composite density as (i) a linear combination of the two densities, and (ii) a non-linear fractional formulation. Both methods lead to a quadratic equation with temperature dependent coefficients, the root of which yields the volume fraction. The densities and sound speeds are calibrated at various temperatures for each fluid component, and the fitted polynomial is used in the final algorithm. We present results when the new algorithm is applied to mixtures of crude oil and process water from two different oil fields, and a comparison of our results with a Coriolis meter; the difference between mean values is less than 1%.
- Noise Control and Acoustics Division
Determination of Volume Fractions in a Two-Phase Flows From Sound Speed Measurement
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Chaudhuri, A, Osterhoudt, CF, & Sinha, DN. "Determination of Volume Fractions in a Two-Phase Flows From Sound Speed Measurement." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Noise Control and Acoustics Division Conference at InterNoise 2012. ASME 2012 Noise Control and Acoustics Division Conference. New York City, New York, USA. August 19–22, 2012. pp. 559-567. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/NCAD2012-1381
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