The vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) is considered an important device to utilize the renewable and sustainable wind energy. However, the relatively lower power coefficient has hampered its development. Therefore, this paper attempts to investigate the effect of swept blade employed in a VAWT on the enhancement in aerodynamic performance. A series of swept blades were studied in a small VAWT rotor, and the RANS SST k-ω turbulence model was utilized to simulate the flow field. The numerical model was validated against experimental data, and the aerodynamic performance was investigated with respect to force coefficients, vorticity distribution, static pressure distribution, and wind turbine wake, respectively. The results indicated that the swept blade could effectively increase power outputs by about 20% for the wind turbine. By reducing the drag coefficient, a high lift-drag ratio was achieved. And this configuration prevented the blade from suffering severe dynamic stall. Besides, the swept blade changed the distribution of low wind speed area in the wind turbine wake, which should be considered in the wind farm. It was concluded that this work provided a new way for the practical design and optimization of wind turbine.