Biodiesel is an alternative fuel that has become more attractive recently because of its environmental benefits and the fact that it is made from renewable resources. As it can be blended in any proportion with mineral Diesel, and there are several reports which presented substantial reductions in emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and particulate in IC engines without reducing the output power significantly. The aim of this work was to perform an emissions and performance experimental analysis to evaluate and compare the use of Biodiesel obtained from different sources, Castor, Soy and Palm Oil, on a 30 kW regenerative gas micro turbine engine installed in the laboratories of the Federal University of Itajuba´ – Unifei, Brazil, at different power levels at steady state condition. All the fuels were characterized in terms of its viscosity and heat value, and the thermal performance and the emissions were measured. In all cases, it was performed a comparison between the obtained results with Biodiesel and Diesel. None of the fuels presented any problem related to atomization process in the related tests, and have shown no significant changes in performance of the microturbine reaching levels of around 26% of thermal efficiency. The minimum Heat Rate obtained at full load, was for the Biodiesel from Palm oil case, and the maximum was for Castor oil with a value 8.38% higher than when operated with Diesel. In Addition, when measuring pollutants emissions in the exhaust gases, it was observed a slightly increment in CO and a reduction in NOx concentration.
Experimental Evaluation and Comparison of the Performance and Emissions of a Regenerative Gas Microturbine Using Biodiesel From Various Sources as Fuel
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Nascimento, MAR, Lora, ES, Sierra R., GA, & Rendon, MA. "Experimental Evaluation and Comparison of the Performance and Emissions of a Regenerative Gas Microturbine Using Biodiesel From Various Sources as Fuel." Proceedings of the ASME 2007 Power Conference. ASME 2007 Power Conference. San Antonio, Texas, USA. July 17–19, 2007. pp. 567-574. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/POWER2007-22063
Download citation file: