When the Ultrasonic-Atomic Force Microscope (U-AFM) is used to form an image of a surface of a specimen having discontinuities, contrast of the specimen in the image is usually stronger than that of an image formed by a conventional Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). In this article, the mechanism of the contrast of the image obtained by the U-AFM was explained by theoretical analysis. A ceramic and metal jointed bar (Steel/Cu/Si3N4) was selected as a specimen for this study. The specimen was located on the surface of a disc transducer generating ultrasonic waves up to 500 KHz, and was vibrated, wherein its first resonant frequency was 133.43 kHz. Both stress and displacement of the specimen were analyzed by classical beam theory and the two-dimensional elasto-dynamic theory. Experimental U-AFM imaging analyses were also carried out to compare the results.
Theoretical Approach to Contrast Mechanism for U-AFM
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Miyasaka, C, Tittmann, BR, Adachi, T, & Yamaji, A. "Theoretical Approach to Contrast Mechanism for U-AFM." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Nondestructive Engineering: Applications. Vancouver, BC, Canada. August 5–9, 2002. pp. 63-67. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2002-1636
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