An efficient methodology for fatigue reliability assessment and its corresponding fatigue life prediction of mechanical components using the First-Order Reliability Method (FORM) is developed in this paper. Using the proposed method, a family of reliability defined S-N curves, called R-S-N curves, can be constructed. In exploring the ability to predict spectral fatigue life and assessing the corresponding reliability under a specified dynamics environment, the theoretical background and the algorithm of a simple approach for reliability analysis will first be introduced based on fatigue failure modes of mechanical components. It will then be explained how this integrated method will carry out the spectral fatigue damage and failure reliability analysis. By using this proposed methodology, mechanical component fatigue reliability can be predicted according to different mission requirements.

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